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Horses
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Horse Facts

 


Glossary

ACTION - The way a horse moves its body
AGED - A horse of nine or more years
AGING - Estimating the age of a horse by its teeth
AIDS - Signals made to the horse by the rider
BAULKY - Stubborn
BLEMISH - Permanent mark caused by a previous injury or disease
BLINKERS - Flaps on the bridle to keep the horse looking only straight ahead
BLOOD STOCK - A racing Thoroughbred
BLUE FEET - Blue-black coloring of the horn of the horses hoof on some breeds
BONE - Circumference around leg beneath the knee. Used in the term "big-boned"
BREAKING IN - Initial training of a horse
BREED - A selectively bred group having particular features and recognized because of them
BRIDLE - Equipment used to control a horses head
BROOD MARE - A mare used for breeding
BRUSHING - When the hoof or shoe strikes the opposite fetlock
BUCK - Leaping into the air, back arched and landing on stiff forelegs
CARRIAGE HORSE - A light horse used for pulling carriages
CHESTNUT - Horny, oval-shaped area on the inside of the forelegs and hocks
COLD-BLOODED - Horses with ancestors from the cold climates of Northwestern Europe
COLLAR - Part of the harness worn by heavy horses for pulling
COLT - Ungelded male horse, under 4 years old
CONFORMATION - The shape and proportion of the body
CROSSBREEDING - Mating two horses of different breeds
CRUPPER - Strap attached to the back of a saddle and encircling the root of a horse's tail to keep the saddle from slipping forward.
DAM - Mother horse
DORSAL STRIPE - Dark hairs extending down the back towards the tail
DRESSAGE - Systematic training of the horse. In testing, the rider and horse are judged on performance, style and the horse's obedience.
ENTIRE - Uncastrated
EQUIDE - Family of animals comprising the horse family, included zebras, ponies, asses and horses
ERGOT - Horny growth located on the back of the fetlock
FARRIER - Someone who makes horseshoes and/or shoes a horse
FEATHER - Long silky hair on horses lower legs
FETLOCK - A tuft of hair that grows behind the horse's "ankle"
FILLY - A female horse under four years old
FOAL - A horse under one year old
FORELEGS - The front two legs
FROG - The triangle shaped pad on the bottom of the foot
GAIT - The way a horse moves
GELDING - Castrated male
GIRTH - Circumference of the horse measured from behind the withers
HACK - A light weight riding horse or "to go for a hack" means to go for an undemanding ride, a walk or slow canter
HANDS - Unit for measuring a horse. Each hand equals four inches
HARNESS - Equipment used to control a draft horse
HAUNCHES - Hips and buttocks
HINNY - Offspring of a male horse and a female donkey
HOCKS - Bones forming the knees on the rear legs
HOT-BLOODED - Horses with ancestors from hot climates in the Middle East
LIGHT-FRAMED - slender in bone structure
MANE - Long hair growing along the crest of the horse's neck
MARE - female more than four years old
MARKINGS - Standard types of pattern on the coat
MARTINGALE - Tack used to control a horses head or to alter the pull of the reins
MEALY - used to describe pale colored muzzles
MULE - Offspring of male donkey and female horse
NEARSIDE - The left side of a horse
NUTS - Concentrated horse feed packed into small cylindrical pieces. (This is British; in the US, they call these pellets.)
OFFSIDE - The right side of a horse
PACER - A horse who instead of trotting moves both legs on the same side at the same time in unison.
PACES - The four universal movements of a horse. They are the walk, trot, canter and gallop
PADDOCK - Fenced in area of grassland, usually smaller than one acre.
PEDIGREE- The ancestry of an individual horse
POINTS - External features of a horse
PONY - Horse not exceeding 14.2 hands high
PURE-BRED - A thoroughbred
REINS - Straps attached to bit and held in rider's hands
SADDLE PAD - Pad placed under saddle to prevent rubbing
SIRE - Father horse
STALLION - Ungelded male horse over four years old
STUD - Stallion kept for breeding
STUD BOOK - A breed society's record, listing pedigrees
TACK - All riding, driving and saddlery equipment
TYPE - A horse that fulfills a specific function, rather than a breed. Example: Hunter Type
WARMBLOOD - Horses that are part or half-bred resulting from thoroughbred and Arabian crosses with other breeds
WITHERS - Part of the horse above the shoulders where the neck joins the body

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Wild Heart Ranch - Collectible Children's Plush Horse Toys, Collectible Children's Plush Seahorse Toys, Collectible Children's Plush Camel Toy, Non Violent Award Winning Collectible Childrens Plush Toys, Horse News, Wild Horse Conservation News, Seahorse Conservation News, Wild Camel Conservation News, Armadillo Conservation News, Children's Books, fun and games, free games, Armadillo Cowboy Club, No More Night Mares - A Dream of Freedom, I Sea Horses - From Sky to Sea, Bradford and the Journey to the Desert of Lop, Lucky Stars Collection, Horse Facts, Horse Links
 
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