Appaloosa is descended from spotted Spanish horses, which
arrived in America in the 16th century.
some of them escaped, the Nez Perce Indians were quick to
capture, tame them, and start breeding these wonderful horses.
the 1700's the Nez Perce Indians in Northeast Oregon and Idaho
developed the horse into the familiar breed of today. The
breed was almost wiped out in 1877 when the Indians were defeated
during a territory war with the US Army and placed on reservations.
Luckily for us, some of the horses survived, and once settled
on the reservation, the Nez Perce began a heavy breeding program
to ensure the survival of the Appaloosa.
course, some of the horse-escaped captures by the Indians
and some broke free during the Army-Indian war. These horses
helped to introduce the Appaloosa into the wild herds of today.